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Turkey to examine lifting opposition lawmakers’ immunity

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The Turkish parliament will examine lifting some opposition lawmakers’ immunity, its speaker said on Wednesday, as the pro-Kurdish party comes under renewed pressure from the government, Agence France-Presse reported.

The pro-Kurdish leftist Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) is Turkey’s second-biggest opposition party but in the past few years has been the subject of multiple prosecutions.

Its two former leaders have been in jail since they were arrested and prosecuted in 2016 after being stripped of their immunity while members of parliament. This occurred when President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan unleashed a sweeping political crackdown after surviving a coup attempt.

Turkish prosecutors sent 33 legal proceedings to the parliament on Tuesday in a bid to remove the immunity of at least nine HDP MPs, Parliament Speaker Mustafa Şentop was quoted as saying by the Anadolu state news agency.

He added that some of the notices concerned the HDP’s co-leader Pervin Buldan, who is accused of involvement in 2014 pro-Kurdish protests that left 37 dead.

The unrest erupted after Turkish troops took no action while Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) militants fought to capture the mainly Kurdish northern Syrian border town of Kobane.

Buldan was among nine MPs named by the Ankara chief public prosecutor on Friday in a case of 108 suspects linked to the 2014 unrest.

The government has already jailed dozens of mayors and other HDP officials and replaced the majority of HDP municipalities won in 2019 with trustees.

The HDP stands accused of links to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), but the party strongly denies any ties.

The PKK has waged a war against the Turkish state since 1984 and is blacklisted as a terrorist organization by Turkey, the US and the EU.

But the HDP has come under further scrutiny in the past few weeks, especially after the leader of the ruling party’s ultranationalist partner, Devlet Bahçeli, repeatedly called for the HDP to be shut down.

The political pressure redoubled after Erdoğan accused the PKK of executing 12 Turks and an Iraqi who were being held hostage in northern Iraq on February 14.

The PKK says the 13 were killed by Turkish bombs.

“PKK and HDP are one and the same,” Erdoğan’s communications director Fahrettin Altun tweeted that same day.

The Supreme Court of Appeals last week also upheld a two-year prison sentence for HDP deputy Ömer Faruk Gergerlioğlu for “disseminating terrorist propaganda” in a social media post.

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