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Sweden tries to break Turkish resistance in NATO talks

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Sweden’s prime minister will meet Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan today in a last-gasp attempt to bridge a diplomatic impasse over his Nordic state’s stalled NATO membership drive, Agence France-Presse reported.

The high-stakes talks on the eve of an alliance summit in the Lithuanian capital Vilnius come with NATO keen to demonstrate unity in the face of Russia’s war on Ukraine.

NATO and the White House both fear the Kremlin is trying to use its strong ties with Turkey to seed divisions among Western allies.

US President Joe Biden is expected to raise the issue when he meets Erdoğan on the sidelines of the two-day event.

Erdoğan has voiced repeated frustrations with what he calls Sweden’s failure to keep its promise to deal with suspected Kurdish militants and political dissidents allegedly “roaming the streets” of Stockholm.

“Sweden has taken some steps in the right direction,” Erdoğan’s office quoted the Turkish leader as telling Biden in a call Sunday.

But Sweden’s decision to allow pro-Kurdish groups to “hold demonstrations freely praising terrorism nullify those steps,” Erdoğan said.

Erdoğan’s stance is being supported by Kremlin-friendly Hungarian Prime Minister Prime Minister Viktor Orban.

The two countries remain the only NATO members still standing in the way of the unanimous ratification needed for Sweden to become the 32nd member of the US-led bloc.

Hungary has strongly signaled it will follow Erdoğan’s lead and approve Sweden’s membership should Turkey give its green light.

NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg hopes to emerge from Monday’s meeting between Erdoğan and Swedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson with a Turkish commitment of support.

‘Best decision’

Analysts had hoped Erdoğan would soften his stance after a hard-fought May election that he won by playing up his nationalist credentials to his conservative base.

The dispute stems from a deal Turkey signed with Sweden and Finland after the neighbors ended decades of military non-alignment and sought shelter under the nuclear umbrella afforded by NATO after Russia invaded Ukraine.

An agreement Stoltenberg finessed at last year’s NATO summit committed Sweden and Finland to toughen their anti-terrorism legislation and hand suspected militants to Turkey.

Erdoğan harbored far fewer grievances against Finland and Helsinki was formally welcomed into the alliance on April 4.

Sweden has since amended its legislation and also lifted an arms embargo it had imposed on Turkey after Erdoğan launched a unilateral incursion into northern Syria in 2019.

The Swedish government last month also agreed to extradite a man convicted of drug trafficking who had supported the pro-Kurdish PKK militia — a first that Stoltenberg played up in public remarks last week.

But Erdoğan has seized on Swedish police decisions to allow pro-PKK demonstrations and protests at which anti-Islamic figures have burned pages from the Quran.

One such protest late last month ignited shows of anger across the Muslim world.

The Swedish government has issued a formal condemnation of the “Islamophobic” act.

But it also stressed that Sweden had a “constitutionally protected right to freedom of assembly, expression and demonstration.”

Erdoğan has hinted that he was still open to persuasion and that his mind was not yet made up.

Turkey will “make the best decision (on Sweden’s membership), whatever it is,” he said on Thursday.

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