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Erdoğan is ‘family’ in Turkey’s conservative heartland

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Old Fiat cars and yellow tulips dot the eastern Turkish town of Bayburt, the heart of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s ultra-loyal conservative base ready to extend his two-decade rule to 2028.

Betraying a serene calm hanging over the picturesque province of the same name, Bayburt voters roared into life for Erdoğan in the first round of Turkey’s presidential election on May 14.

Almost 80 percent of the electors there voted for Erdoğan, his highest vote share in a single province, helping him win 49.5 percent of the national ballot and become a strong favorite in Sunday’s runoff vote.

“Getting to know the heart of Bayburt is getting to know Turkey,” said Orhan Ateş, a newly elected MP for Erdoğan’s ruling Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP) in the parallel parliamentary vote.

“Are you ready to re-elect our president?” he asks passers-by, greeting men holding Islamic prayer beads with a knowing nod.

A 47-year-old eye doctor, Ateş holds impromptu appointments with patients in the street, issuing a prescription on a crumpled piece of paper to one man wearing worn-out shoes.

“I started as a shoe shiner; I became a professor of medicine. People see themselves in me, as we see ourselves in Erdoğan,” whose family originates from neighboring Rize province, Ateş told Agence France-Presse.

Erdoğan “talks to everyone, not just to the elites,” he said.

‘Big family’

“We’re a big family here, and Erdoğan is a part of it. He’s as solid as our castle,” said provincial AKP official Haci Ali Polat, referring to a centuries-old fortress towering over the town.

Residents who spoke to AFP said they stayed faithful to Erdoğan because he repelled attacks by foreign powers, just as Bayburt fought Russian invaders in the 19th century.

“We are nationalist and conservative and we love Erdoğan,” said Bedirhan Bayen, a 26-year-old university graduate speaking from his father’s shop.

“What people want is a strong leader,” he said, admitting he would have liked a “new face” but judging secular opposition leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu as “weak.”

Muhammed Emre Teymur works in the construction industry — a sector that enjoyed an unprecedented boom under Erdoğan — and refuses to see Turkey’s economic crisis as a reason to abandon the president.

“Erdoğan has produced his own ships, his own weapons, his own planes,” said the 19-year-old, who earns 10,000 lira ($500) a month.

“You don’t vote for a ‘cucumber’ due to the price of onions,” he added, using a pejorative term to refer to Erdogan’s secular challenger Kilicdaroglu.

Favors in return?

Nestled between the Black Sea and Mount Palandöken, Bayburt is Turkey’s least economically productive province and its smallest by population, only counting 84,200 inhabitants.

But it was once a stopping point on the ancient Silk Road that channeled trade between Asia and Europe, an era of prosperity many locals yearn to recover.

Bayen pointed to Erdoğan’s unabashed Islamic-rooted policies, subsidies for farmers and the construction of dams that have helped agriculture.

“There’s a whole system in place, and no one wants to lose it,” he told AFP.

“It would be brilliant if he [Erdoğan] rewarded us in return, if he built a factory for us, offered us job opportunities,” added Yusuf Yolcu, a man in his 50s who works in insurance.

Speaking from his clothes workshop, Bülent Hacıhasanoğlu said some people in small villages were too frightened to vote differently “for fear of being blacklisted.”

Hacıhasanoğlu still openly backs Kılıçdaroğlu and his promise to “return to the parliamentary regime,” which Erdoğan ended after a 2017 constitutional referendum that granted the president sweeping powers.

But Yolcu insisted the people of Bayburt have always been loyal, arguing that “no incident” happened in the province during a 1980 military coup and major anti-government protests in 2013 that rocked Turkey.

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