President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan travels to the heart of Turkey’s earthquake disaster zone on Friday to formally kick off the toughest election campaign of his two-decade rule, Agence France-Presse reported.
One poll released on the first official day of campaigning showed the 69-year-old trailing his secular rival by nearly 10 percentage points in the May 14 presidential and parliamentary elections.
The gap appears to have widened due to anger at the government’s response to major earthquakes in February that claimed more than 50,000 lives and displaced millions.
But secular opposition leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu — a 74-year-old former civil servant who has never won a national race — is facing his own problems from an unlikely source.
Kılıçdaroğlu has cobbled together a six-party alliance that groups politicians with radically different views and the shared goal of defeating Erdoğan.
The opposition views this as their best chance yet to defeat Erdoğan and end his Islamic-rooted party’s control of growing facets of the highly polarized country’s social life.
Turkey’s worst economic crisis of Erdoğan’s era should also boost his rival’s hand.
But a last-minute entry of maverick opposition leader Muharrem İnce threatens to upset Kılıçdaroğlu’s plans.
İnce challenged Erdoğan in the last election and refused Kılıçdaroğlu’s offer to bow out of the race this week.
Polls show Ince’s support small but growing. The opposition fears the 58-year-old will split the anti-Erdoğan vote.
Analysts also point to Erdoğan’s stellar election record as well as the government’s control of the media and state institutions during the campaign.
Political risk consultancy Eurasia Group said Erdoğan’s re-election “remains the baseline [scenario], though the odds are falling.”
Erdoğan’s decision to launch his campaign in the ethnically mixed southeastern city of Gaziantep is telling.
He enjoyed some local support during his early efforts to negotiate an end to a Kurdish struggle for an independent state that has claimed tens of thousands of lives.
A breakdown of those talks led to a resurgence of violence and a crackdown on Kurdish leaders that has seen hundreds jailed.
The main pro-Kurdish party — seen as a kingmaker with roughly 10 percent of the vote — has given its tacit support to Kılıçdaroğlu.
But Erdoğan appears to be trying to break through to Kurdish voters via pledges of more social support.
He will be attending the groundbreaking ceremony for a relief center in quake-hit Gaziantep — one of several he has opened in the past few weeks.
Many point to the similarities with an earlier government failing in its response to an earthquake in 1999 in which more than 17,000 people died.
“We are working day and night to heal the wounds caused by the quake,” Erdoğan said at a similar groundbreaking ceremony in nearby Adıyaman this week.
Kılıçdaroğlu has taken a radically different approach.
He has played up his humble upbringing in video chats that he records from his formica-tiled kitchen. These regularly attract millions of YouTube and Twitter views.
He appeals directly to the estimated 6 million teens who grew up during Erdoğan’s time in power and will be voting for the first time.
Other messages are addressed to religious conservatives who form the core of Erdoğan’s support.
“I want to appeal to conservative young women,” Kılıçdaroğlu said in one message.
Erdoğan prides himself on removing religious restrictions in the officially secular state.
Kılıçdaroğlu has fought hard to show that his secular party will not curb conservative women’s right to stay veiled at work or school.
“We will not allow your achievements and freedoms to be destroyed,” Kılıçdaroğlu told conservative women in the message.
Election officials announced on Friday that the presidential ballot will have four names on it.
İnce’s outside candidacy is joined by that of Sinan Oğan — a far-right politician who obtained his doctorate at a prestigious Moscow university.
Oğan’s support is in the low single digits.
But that of İnce is edging up thanks to support from Turkey’s younger male voters, who agree with his secular nationalist views.
One poll showed İnce picking up 10 percent of the vote in May.
The opposition Halk TV news site pointed out that İnce was the first politician to reach the quake’s epicenter and the most visible in the disaster zone in the past few weeks.
“His voters are not satisfied with the opposition and are against the government,” one Halk TV analyst wrote.