The draft election manifesto of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) marks a return to more orthodox, free market economic policies, four sources familiar with the matter told Reuters.
Turkey is due to hold presidential and parliamentary elections on May 14 and opinion polls show that Erdoğan will face his biggest electoral challenge yet in his two decades in power.
Erdoğan’s popularity has suffered mainly due to an erosion of living standards caused by the depreciation in the Turkish lira at a time when Ankara began pursuing a controversial economic model that was based on low interest rates.
In 2021 Turkey embarked on a rate-cutting cycle in the face of soaring inflation, defying traditional monetary policy and running against a global trend of rising borrowing costs.
The Turkish central bank slashed its benchmark rate by 500 basis points in 2021 and then again in 2022, after calls for rate cuts from Erdoğan.
Combined with soaring energy and food prices triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, this led inflation in Turkey to spike to more than 85 percent last year.
Turkey’s fiscal woes were also exacerbated when a huge earthquake struck its southern regions on Feb. 6, killing thousands and leaving millions of people homeless and causing billions of dollars’ worth of damage.
According to the sources familiar with the draft, the AKP’s manifesto for the upcoming election will make no reference to Ankara’s more recent economic policies but instead to return to his party’s prior, more orthodox approach.
The sources, declining to be named as they were not authorized to speak on the subject, also said Erdoğan wanted to give a top role in running the economy to former deputy prime minister and finance minister Mehmet Şimşek, who is highly regarded in international circles.
Turkish inflation hit a 24-year high above 85 percent in October, stoked by the series of unorthodox interest rate cuts sought by Erdoğan that triggered the lira’s crash in late 2021.
Since August, the currency has been largely stable thanks to authorities’ heavy hand in the forex market.
“The approach to the economy is very similar to that of the 2002 AK Party election manifesto. In other words, the AK Party is returning to its origins,” one government official said about the draft, adding that work on it had reached the final stage.
He said that its priorities included free market economy rules and practices parallel to those applied in the global economy, with “no sign of any kind of non-market practices.”
The AKP declined to comment on the issue.
Şimşek was not available for comment.
“A pivot back to orthodox economic policy would be welcomed by investors,” said Blaise Antin, head of EM sovereign research at asset manager TCW in Los Angeles.
“But foreign investors are likely to treat such news with extreme caution”, he added, “given multiple past head-fakes by Turkish authorities and President Erdoğan’s very public skepticism about conventional monetary policy and market-oriented economic policies more generally.”
A senior AKP official said the manifesto made no reference to the new economy model but emphasized principles previously advocated by the AKP, such as fighting inflation, accountability in the public sector and transparency in tenders.
He said Erdoğan’s final approval of the manifesto would be required and so far he had not conveyed any dissenting opinion.
“If he does accept, it will eventually bring radical changes in both the cabinet and the management of the economy,” he said.
Among Erdoğan’s goals was the appointment of Şimşek.
“All Turkey knows Şimşek’s approach and success. If he takes office, a radical change is inevitable in economic policies, the bureaucracy and cabinet members to work in harmony with him,” the AKP official said.
Another source with knowledge of the issue said that as well as the AKP, three parties from the main opposition alliance wanted to work with Şimşek.
In 2012, when Şimşek was actively involved in running the economy, the foreign share of the lira-denominated bond market peaked around 25 percent. It stood at 0.8 percent at end-January, Treasury data shows. Şimşek was deputy prime minister until 2018.
Four senior sources in the opposition alliance told Reuters previously that the alliance planned to make former deputy prime minister Ali Babacan a vice president responsible for the economy if it wins the presidential election.
Babacan, like Şimşek, is well regarded by foreign investors.
Devastating earthquakes that killed more than 48,000 people in Turkey have further added to the fiscal challenge faced by the government in winning over voters in the May elections.
Following the quakes, the budget deficit surged to 171 billion lira ($9 billion) in February while the trade deficit jumped nearly 53 percent to $12.2 billion in the same month.